A newspaper is a printed publication consisting of a series of folded sheets and is normally published daily or weekly on cheap paper (known as newsprint). Newspapers are generally privately owned, although some may be publicly run. Most newspapers depend for their income on subscription and newsstand sales, advertising revenue (other businesses or individuals pay to have their names or products displayed in the newspaper) and government or other subsidized revenue. Newspapers with high editorial independence and journalism quality, large circulation, or a combination of these factors are often viewed as newspapers of record.
Many countries have their own local newspapers, which usually contain a mix of national and regional news. In addition to these, there are international papers, which publish national and sometimes global news. Many of these are available on the Internet, where they are known as online newspapers.
In the United States, a newspaper is typically a commercial business, and its overall manager is called the publisher. In some cases, the publisher is also the editor of the newspaper. The newspaper industry is highly competitive, and many local newspapers have closed in recent years. Those that remain must compete with other media sources and find ways to stay profitable.
Most traditional newspapers feature four main departments: news, sports, entertainment, and classified ads. Some newspapers have additional departments such as opinion or commentary, which usually appear in a separate section from the main sections. Traditionally, most newspapers have been primarily conservative to moderate in their political leanings; however, some now exhibit a more liberal bias.
Some newspapers also have a Sunday edition, which is distinct from the daily newspaper and is generally viewed as a companion piece. In the past, there were independent Sunday newspapers; today, many are produced by the same publishers as the daily newspaper, and they may be referred to collectively as “The Times” or by their particular name.
Historically, newspapers were the primary source of information about public events and politics; today, they are one of several competing media outlets for this type of information. Some people prefer to get their news from television, radio, and the Internet rather than a print newspaper.
In the digital age, newspapers have adapted to the new medium by offering their content on mobile devices and launching websites. As a result, the newspaper industry has seen a shift towards more electronic delivery methods and fewer physical copies of the newspaper being sold. Nevertheless, many people still read the newspaper on a regular basis. For example, the New York Daily News is a major American newspaper founded in 1919, which claims to be the first U.S. newspaper to be printed in tabloid format. In 2017, the Daily News won the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service (along with ProPublica) for its investigation into alleged police corruption in the city of New York. The New York Daily News is headquartered in Manhattan’s 450 West 33rd Street, a building designed by architects John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood.